Tobacco, alcohol and especially obesity: a new report from the WHO points out the bad lifestyles of Europeans, which jeopardize their life expectancy.
New WHO report welcomes lengthening life expectancy and reducing premature mortality in Europe but reports that smoking, alcohol, overweight, obesity and underweight vaccination impede progress in some countries.
In 2015, life expectancy at birth - both sexes combined - was 77.8 years, compared to 76.7 years in 2010. Life expectancy for women (81.1 years) is still higher than that of men (74.6 years). In France, life expectancy is 86.3 years for women and 79.8 years for men.
Lifestyle risk factors
"The latest Health Report for Europe reveals that most European countries have taken important steps to reach the broad targets of Health 2020, thereby contributing to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development related to health", said Dr. Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe. But "progress is uneven, both within and between countries, as well as between the sexes and from one generation to the next." Lifestyle-related risk factors raise concerns because they can slow down, if not wipe out, significant progress on life expectancy if they are not under control. "
Let's start with the positives. Life expectancy in the European region has increased on average by more than a year compared to 2013. Since the beginning of the millennium, significant progress has been made in reducing all-cause mortality at all ages ( about 25% in 15 years). Overall, Europe exceeds the target of reducing premature mortality from the four major noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes mellitus and chronic respiratory diseases) by 1.5% per year until 2020. External causes of trauma and intoxication have steadily decreased by about 12% in five years, and child immunization rates are improving.
Nevertheless, not all the codes are green, far from it. European smoking rates are the highest in the world (1 in 3 people aged 15 and over smoke). Although alcohol consumption is decreasing overall, ingested amounts are the largest in the world, ranging from 1 to 15 liters per capita each year. In addition, more than half of the European population is overweight, and trends in obesity in the adult population are on the rise. With respect to immunization, recent measles and rubella outbreaks in some countries are compromising the region's ability to eliminate these diseases.
Multiple fatal pathologies
In 2016, obesity and overweight, which increased the risk of diabetes, cancer or heart disease, were 23.3% (+2.5 points in six years) and 58.7% (+2.8 points, respectively). points) of the population. The increase is particularly marked in Turkey, where 32.1% of the population is obese, in Malta (29.8% of the population) and in the United Kingdom (27.8%).
Regarding alcohol and tobacco, causing fatal diseases, including cancer or cirrhosis of the liver, the numbers are bad. 29% of individuals over the age of 15 smoke, of which 43.4% in Greece, 39.5% in Russia and 28.1% in France. Alcohol consumption stood at 8.6 liters per person per year in 2014, compared to 6.4 liters per person worldwide. France is in the European average, so far too high. The WHO "Report on Health in Europe" concerns 53 countries, including Eastern European states such as Turkmenistan. So we are talking here about the "Europe zone" in the broad sense, which is not limited to the European Union.