Well known in adults, respiratory sleep disorders in children are not well detected, and therefore poorly cared for.
In a newspaper stand The world, a group of doctors draws attention to respiratory disorders of sleep in children. "These children are victims of a common but unknown disease, which is urgent to highlight," explain the scientists. "Everywhere in France, thousands of children suffer from learning disabilities, behavior, worsening of their asthma and other chronic diseases." Among the causes, however, is quite curable: breathing disorders of sleep, "they add.
The term "sleep-disordered breathing" refers to a series of conditions that result in abnormal breathing during sleep. For example, sleep apnea refers to a person who, for a short period of time, can not breathe because of the temporary obstruction of the pharynx. At least 5% of children are concerned, "and it is feared that these figures climb, the risk factors of this pathology is constantly increasing in our society," say the doctors.
We are talking here about passive smoking, an unbalanced diet, sedentary lifestyle, enlarged vegetations and tonsils, family history, allergies and even air pollution. Yet, too few children are screened and cared for. "These little patients need us all, and we call for making the child's sleep disorder a great national cause," says the group.
Very loud snoring
There are three types of sleep disorders that are well identified and well cared for in adults: obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea and mixed sleep apnea. Symptoms that should alert are loud snoring, urge to urinate during the night, night sweats, irregular breathing patterns and even breathing stops (nonfatal).
In children, growth hormones, secreted mainly during sleep, are particularly disturbed by respiratory disorders. Fatigue, irritability, attention and learning disorders must also alert. The main challenge is "to promote learning at school and limit absenteeism, it is the scale of the school year that must be effective.For this, networks of local professionals must see the day to offer more accessible care to parents and less expensive to society, "say health professionals.