She had been particularly discreet lately. EnjoyPhoenix confides in a video that she suffers from polycystic ovary syndrome.
It started with the return of her acne, despite stopping her pill. Since March, youtubeuse EnjoyPhoenix has been discreet on the video platform and social networks. On April 3, Marie Lopez, her real name, posted a video in which she explains this absence. She reveals that she has been diagnosed with an illness: polycystic ovary syndrome. PCOS affects 5 to 10% of women. That's about as much as endometriosis.
What is polycystic ovary syndrome?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is caused by a hormonal imbalance, characterized by high levels of testosterone in the body. This disrupts egg production, making PCOS the leading cause of fertility disorders in women. There can be many consequences, such as a late onset of puberty, irregular menstrual cycles, excessive hair growth. Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause more serious problems, such as type 2 diabetes.
The origin of the syndrome is still unknown
If doctors know that this is a hormonal disorder, the causes of this disorder are not precisely known. Last December, researchers discovered that the genetic pathways identified in PCOS patients were linked to other disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, menopause and depression. In May 2018, a team of researchers, led by Paolo Giacobini of Inserm (National Institute of Health and Medical Research), demonstrated that PCOS would come from a pre-birth exposure to a growth factor, the anti-Mullerian hormone. In this way, the female fetus displays a high level of testosterone, and therefore it "masculinizes", causing the hormonal disorder related to PCOS.
There is still no treatment
The Inserm team is currently conducting trials on a treatment that has been effective in mice. While waiting for its evidence on women, there is still no effective drug. When a gynecologist diagnoses polycystic ovarian syndrome in a woman, she usually prescribes a contraceptive pill, or another contraceptive with hormones, as EnjoyPhenix explains in her video.